Signing Prenuptial Agreement
Goa is the only Indian state in which a marriage is legally applicable since it follows the Portuguese Civil Code of 1867. A marriage contract setting out the ownership regime can be signed between the two parties at the time of the marriage. If a marriage has not been signed, the marital property is simply divided equally between husband and wife.   Currently, 28 states and the District of Columbia have adopted a version of the Uniform Premarital Agreement Act (UPAA) or the Updated Premarital Agreements Act (UPMAA). The UPAA was adopted in 1983 by the Uniform Law Commission (ULC) to promote greater uniformity and predictability between state laws regarding these contracts in an increasingly ephemeral society. The UPAA was partially adopted to ensure that a prenup validly concluded in one state is honored by the courts of another state where the couple could divorce. The UPMAA was issued in 2012 by the ULC in order to clarify and modernize inconsistent state laws and establish a uniform approach for all marriage contracts and post-marital agreements: Some federal laws apply to the terms that may be contained in a pre-marital agreement. The Retraitment Equity Act (REA) of 1984, signed by President Ronald Reagan on August 23, 1984, caused confusion as to whether ERISA anticipates the state`s divorce laws, thereby preventing retirement plans from complying with court injunctions that gave a spouse a portion of the worker`s pension in a divorce order.  A marriage contract may include waiver statements in which either spouse agrees to release all claims against the other`s retirement pension arising out of the marriage, both under state and federal laws, such as in the REA. Recently, in some modern Orthodox circles, a movement has emerged to support an additional marriage contract.
This is a response to a growing number of cases where the husband refuses to grant a religious divorce. In such cases, the local authorities are not in a position to intervene, both for the sake of separation of Church and State and because certain Halachois problems would arise. This situation leaves the woman in a state of Aginut where she is not able to remarry. To remedy this situation, the movement promotes a marriage contract in which the couple agrees to carry out their divorce, if it occurs, before a rabbinical court. In a 1990 California case, the Court of Appeals imposed an oral marriage contract on the estate of one of the parties, with the surviving spouse significantly changing his or her position by relying on the oral agreement.  However, as a result of changes in the law, it has become much more difficult to change the nature of collective or individual ownership without written agreement.  According to a recent survey by the American Academy of Marriage Lawyers, the number of couples signing a prenup is increasing. Nearly two-thirds of respondents have seen an increase in the total number of customers looking for prenups over the past three years.
Follow-up agreements are similar to marriage contracts, except that they are concluded after a couple`s marriage.  When divorce is imminent, inheritance agreements are called separation agreements.  In practice, spouses can violate canon law in various ways. For example, they cannot prepare for a marriage on terms that concern the future. The Code of Canon Law states that „marriage linked to a condition of the future cannot be concluded effectively.” . . .