Gaza Peace Agreement
Sinai was repatriated to Egypt in 1979 as part of an Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement, but the rest of the occupied territories remained under Israeli control. A group of Israelis called for the permanent annexation of these areas, and in the late 1970s, nationalist Jewish settlers moved into the territories to achieve this goal. Israel refused to engage in direct talks with the PLO, but in 1991 Israeli diplomats met with a joint Jordanian-Palestinian delegation at the Madrid peace conference. In 1992, the President of the Workers` Party, Yitzchak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister, pledged to move the peace process forward quickly. It froze new Israeli settlements in the occupied territory and authorized secret negotiations between Israel and the PLO that began in January 1993 in Oslo, Norway. These discussions resulted in several important agreements and culminated in the historic peace agreement of 13 September 1993. As leader of the Palestinian Authority (PA) and recognized leader of the de jure Palestinian state, all eyes are on Abbas. For many Palestinians, Palestinian Authority officials are seen as elitist, selfish and largely disconnected from the population. In times of crisis, Abbas makes bold statements (for example. B he says that the peace agreements already in force with Israel are null and void in response to the annexation plans), but there is not much to be done beyond words.
However, in recent weeks, the unprecedented meeting between the various Palestinian factions has led to very strong commitments to a process of national reconciliation whose goal, according to Abbas, is to „face all the dangers and conspiracies aimed at eliminating our national cause”.” As the parties approach, it remains to be seen whether Fatah can retain Hamas` most extreme tendencies or whether Hamas will push the usually reluctant Fatah to adopt a more violent tactic. Comments by senior Fatah official Jibril Rajoub that „all kinds of resistance” are possible points for the latter. On September 3, 2014, Abbas presented John Kerry with a new proposal for the peace process.   The plan provided for nine months of direct talks, followed by a three-year plan for Israel, which retreated to the 1967 lines, leaving East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine.  The resumption of talks depended on the cessation of Israeli work in the West Bank and East Jerusalem and the release of the last prisoners from previous talks.  The first three months of the plan would revolve around borders and possible land exchanges for the 1967 lines.