Canada Ratify The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (Usmca)
The U.S.-Mexico-Mexico Agreement (USMCA) is a trade agreement between these parties. The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), signed by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, Mexican President Carlos Salinas and U.S. President George H.W. Bush, came into force on January 1, 1994. NAFTA has created economic growth and a rising standard of living for the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules and procedures across the continent, Nafta has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity. NAFTA replaced Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA). Negotiations on CUFTA began in 1986 and the agreement entered into force on 1 January 1989. The two nations agreed on a landmark agreement that put Canada and the United States at the forefront of trade liberalization. For more information, visit the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement information page.
Canada ratified the agreement in March and the USMCA came into force on July 1, 2020. Although NAFTA is officially dead, governments and businesses are still adapting to the new rules, especially the new labour rules. Coronavirus can also complicate implementation as manufacturers adapt to new guidelines in the midst of a global economic crisis. On May 11, 2018, House Of Representatives spokesman Paul Ryan set May 17 as the deadline for congressional action. This deadline was not met and the agreement with Mexico was not reached until August 27, 2018.  At that time, Canada had not approved the agreement. Mexico`s outgoing President Enrique Pea Nieto, having left office on 1 December 2018 and requiring 60 days as a review period, the deadline for making the agreed text available was set at the end of September 2018, 30 September 2018. Negotiators worked around the clock and reached an agreement less than an hour before midnight on a draft text.
The next day, October 1, 2018, the USMCA text was published as an agreed document. President Trump has made the renegotiation of NAFTA a central platform for his presidential campaign. On February 2, 2017, shortly after taking office, President Trump announced his intention to begin negotiations with Canada and Mexico to revise NAFTA, and on November 30, the leaders of the three countries signed the agreement. The revised final agreement was then signed by their respective trade agents on December 10 of this year. Both President Trump and congressional Democrats, who have pushed for further reflection on labor reform resulting from the original agreement, declare the agreement a victory, while Canadian and Mexican states also announce more favourable provisions for their countries. The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are improving U.S. dairy farmers` access to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries and not imported from other countries, and maintaining the dispute settlement system, which is similar to that contained in NAFTA.   Negotiations focused „primarily on car exports, steel and aluminum tariffs, as well as the milk, egg and poultry markets.” A provision „prevents any party from enacting laws that restrict the cross-border flow of data.”  Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA increases environmental and labour standards and encourages domestic production of cars and trucks.
 The agreement also provides up-to-date intellectual property protection, gives the United States more access to the Canadian milk market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases the tariff limit for Canadians who purchase U.S. purchasing countries.